The country takes its name from Mount Kenya, located in the central highlands. Location and Geography. Kenya is located in East Africa and borders Somalia to the northeast, Ethiopia to the north, Sudan to the northwest, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the east. The country straddles the equator, covering a total of , square miles , square kilometers; roughly twice the size of the state of Nevada. Kenya has wide white-sand beaches on the coast.
Girls begin caring for younger siblings at a very early age, and it is not uncommon to see a five- or six-year-old girl caring for a baby. Child Rearing and Education. Child rearing is communal: responsibility for the children is shared among aunts, uncles, grandparents, and other members of the community.
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Boys and girls have fairly separate upbringings. Each is taught the duties and obligations specific to their sex: girls learn early how to carry water, cook, and care for children, while boys are schooled in the ways of herding or working in the fields. Children are also grouped into "age sets" with peers born in the same year. Members of a given age set form a special bond, and undergo initiation rituals as a group.
Primary school, which children attend from the age of seven to the age of fourteen, is free. Secondary school for students ages fourteen to eighteen is prohibitively expensive for most of the population.
Only half of all children complete the first seven years of schooling, and only one-seventh of these Farms in the Great Rift Valley of Kenya. In the s, the government began selling state farms to private enterprises.
Kenyan dating culture
After each of the two levels, there is a series of national exams which students must pass in order to continue in their studies. Kenya's education system has been plagued with widespread accusations of cheating, and there is a shortage of qualified teachers to educate the burgeoning population of school-age children. In addition to government-run schools, churches and civic groups have established self-help or harambee schools, with the help of volunteers from the United States and Europe.
These schools now outnumber government-run secondary schools. Higher Education. There are eight universities in Kenya.
Feb 10, DATING CULTURE IN KENYA Dating in the mindset of the rich is a contest of who drives the biggest guzzler or who shops where in London, with such people being the measuring rod, then an otherwise perfect dating culture is contorted and it gets into the minds of the youth, who religiously follow them thus creating a mess out the whole issue. The multifaceted culture of Kenya is expressed in different forms, ranging from its people and language, food, music and dance, art, artifacts, theatre and literature to its ethnic values and ethical norms. Combined with other traditions, these forms of expression and lifestyle form an identity that is uniquely Kenyan. Mar 20, Kenyan culture is, therefore, a melting pot of thoughts, practices and customs from various communities. The Kenyan culture is born of countless sources. This region has been crossed by the paths of a long and complex history. From the prehistoric records of early man to the present day, Kenya has been a land of unending change, contrasts and.
The largest of these is the University of Nairobi, the Kenyatta University College is also located in the capital. In addition to universities, Kenya has several technical institutes which train students in agriculture, teaching, and other professions.
Those who can afford it often send their children abroad for post-secondary education. Kenyans are generally friendly and hospitable. Greetings are an important social interaction, and often include inquiries about health and family members.
Visitors to a home are usually offered food or tea, and it is considered impolite to decline. Elderly people are treated with a great deal of respect and deference. Religious Beliefs. The population is 38 percent Protestant and 28 percent Roman Catholic.
A glimpse into Kenyan traditions and values
Twenty-six percent are animist, 7 percent are Muslim, and 1 percent follow other religions. Many people incorporate traditional beliefs into their practice of Christianity, causing some tension between Kenyans and Christian churches, particularly on the issue of polygamy. Religious practices of different ethnic groups vary, but one common element is the belief in a spirit world inhabited by the souls of ancestors.
The Kikuyu and several other groups worship the god Ngai, who is said to live on top of Mount Kenya. Religious Practitioners. In traditional religions, diviners are believed to have the power to communicate with the spirit world, and they use their powers to cure people of diseases or evil spirits.
Diviners are also called upon to help bring rain during times of drought. Sorcerers and witches are also believed to have supernatural powers, but unlike the diviners they use these powers to cause harm. It is the job of the diviners to counter their evil workings. Rituals and Holy Places. Among the Masai, the beginning of the rainy season is observed with a celebration which lasts for several days and includes singing, dancing, eating, and praying for the health of their animals.
For the ritual dances, the performers die their hair red, paint black stripes on their bodies, and don ostrich-feather headdresses. The Kikuyu mark the start of the planting season with their own festivities.
Their ceremonial dances are often performed by warriors wearing leopard or zebra skin robes and carrying spears and shields. The dancers dye their bodies blue, and paint them in white patterns. Initiation ceremonies are important rites of passage, and they vary from tribe to tribe. Boys and girls undergo separate rituals, after which they are considered of marriageable age. Kikuyu boys, for example, are initiated at the age of eighteen.
Their ears are pierced, their heads shaved, and their faces marked with white earth. Pokot girls are initiated at twelve years old, in a ceremony that involves singing, dancing, and decorating their bodies with ocher, red clay, and animal fat.
Weddings are important occasions throughout the country, and are celebrated with up to eight days of music, dance, and special foods. Death and the Afterlife. At death, Kenyans believe that one enters the spirit world, which has great influence in the world of the living. Many Kenyans believe in reincarnation, and children are thought to be the embodiment of the souls of a family's ancestors.
The health care system in Kenya is understaffed and poorly supplied. The government runs clinics throughout the country that focus primarily on preventive medicine. These clinics have had some success in reducing the rate of sleeping sickness and malaria through the use of vaccines, but the country is still plagued with high rates of gastroenteritis, dysentery, diarrhea, sexually transmitted diseases, and trachoma.
Access to modern health care is rare, particularly in rural areas, and many people still depend on traditional cures including herbal medicines and healing rituals.
Kenya has one of the world's highest birth rates, and birth control programs have been largely ineffective. The life expectancy, while higher than in some other African nations, is still only fifty-four years.
AIDS has been devastating to the country, and at least five hundred Kenyans die of the disease each day. President Moi has declared the AIDS epidemic a national disaster, but has nonetheless refused to encourage condom use. Also called Harambee Day, this festival includes a large parade in the capital and celebrations throughout the country.
Support for the Arts. The National Gallery in Nairobi has a special gallery and studio space set aside for emerging artists. The University of Nairobi also supports a national traveling theater company. Kenya has a strong oral tradition. Many folktales concern animals or the intervention of the spirits in everyday life; others are war stories detailing soldiers' bravery.
The stories are passed from generation to generation, often in the form of songs. Contemporary Kenyan literature draws extensively from this oral heritage, as well as from Western literary tradition. Ngugi wa Thiong'o, a Kikuyu, is Kenya's most prominent writer. Though they were strong messages of social protest, it was not until he began to write exclusively in Swahili and Kikuyu that Ngugi became the victim of censorship. He was jailed for one year, and later exiled to England.
Graphic Arts. Kenya is known for its sculpture and wood-carving, which often has religious significance. Figures of ancestors are believed to appease the inhabitants of the spirit world, as are the elaborately carved amulets that Kenyans wear around their necks. In addition to wood, sculptors also work in ivory and gold. Contemporary sculptors often blend traditional styles with more modern ones.
Only half of Kenyan children complete the first seven years of schooling. Artists also create the colorful masks and headdresses that are worn during traditional dances, often fashioned to represent birds or other animals.
Jewelry is another Kenyan art form, and includes elaborate silver and gold bracelets and various forms of colorful beadwork. In some tribes, including the Kikuyu and the Luhya, women make pottery and elaborately decorated baskets. Performance Arts. Dancing is an important part of Kenyan culture. Men and women usually dance separately. Men perform line dances, some of which involve competing to see who can jump the highest. Dance is often an element of religious ceremonies, such as marriage, child naming, and initiation.
Costume is an important element of many traditional dances, as are props: dancers often don masks and carry shields, swords, and other objects. The music of Kenya is polyrhythmic, incorporating several different beats simultaneously. The primary instruments are drums but lutes, woodwinds, and thumb pianos are also used. Singing often follows a call-and-response pattern, and singers chant rhythms that diverge from those played on the instruments.
Kikuyu music is relatively simple; the main instrument is the gicandi, a rattle made from a gourd. Other groups, such as the Luhya, have more complex music and dance traditions, incorporating a variety of instruments. In the cities, benga, a fusion of Western and Kenyan music, is popular.
Benga was originated by the Luo in the s, and incorporates two traditional instruments, the nyatiti, a small stringed instrument, and the orutu, a one-string fiddle, as well as the electric guitar. Taarab music, which is popular along the coast, shows both Arabic and Indian influence.
It is sung by women, with drums, acoustic guitar, a small organ, and sometimes a string section accompanying the singers. Kenya has few facilities for the study of physical sciences. The National Museum in Nairobi has collections of historical and cultural artifacts and the museum at Fort Jesus in Mombasa is dedicated to archeology and history. Much of what scientific activity there is in Kenya revolves around conservation. There are a number of National Parks where the animals are protected, and scientists come from around the world to study the nation's rich and diverse wildlife.
Clough, Marshall S. Kyle, Keith. Politics of - saporiviafrancigena.com Kenya, Maxon, Robert M. Historical Dictionary of Kenya, McGeary, Johanna, et al. Morton, Andrew.
Moi: The Making of an African Statesman, Ogot, B. Oghieng', eds. Decolonization and Independence in Kenya Oucho, John O. Urban Migrants and Rural Development in Kenya, Patel, Preeti. Robinson, Simon.
Russell, Rosalind. Simmons, Ann M.
Srujana, K. Turner, Raymond M. Kenya's Changing Landscape, Vine, Jeremy. Watson, Mary Ann, ed. Modern Kenya: Social Issues and Perspectives, Toggle navigation. Alternative Names Jamhuri ya Kenya. Orientation Identification. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space About 70 percent of the population is rural, although this percentage has been decreasing as more Kenyans migrate to the cities in search of work. Food and Economy Food in Daily Life.
Social Stratification Classes and Castes. Political Life Government.
Social Welfare and Change Programs Most social welfare is provided by the family rather than the government. Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations There are a number of international organizations that work in Kenya to provide humanitarian aid and to help with the state of the economy and health care.
Marriage, Family, and Kinship Marriage. Socialization Infant Care. Etiquette Kenyans are generally friendly and hospitable. Religion Religious Beliefs. Medicine and Health Care The health care system in Kenya is understaffed and poorly supplied. The Arts and Humanities Support for the Arts. The State of the Physical and Social Sciences Kenya has few facilities for the study of physical sciences. Bibliography Aieko, Monica. Kenya: Water to Unburden Women, Oded, Arye.
Islam and Politics in Kenya, Sayer, Geoff. Kenya: Promised Land? Women and Land Rights in Kenya, Also read article about Kenya from Wikipedia. User Contributions: 1. I have been working on a paper regarding development of biotechnology in Kenya. I had to gather information regarding the back ground of the country and people to start with. After a long research on various website this is the only article which gave all the information.
The languageis simple easy to understand. I appreciate all the efforts on the author of this article. Keep the good work. I would like to add that most africans are christian or believe in god as a whole it would be wonderful if you would add this into your article. I am a proud kenyan who loves the lord with all my heart. Your article smirks of western arrogance towards Africa and African Culture.
You try to associate the embrace of western culture with high social status, education etc. There are a lot of inaccuracies and outdated info. Your perspective is that of a tourist rather than that of a researcher. This would have served as an excellent piece of writing by Dr Ludwig Krapf when he visited Kenya circa 's.
Robert Maina. That is an excellent and woderful job, keep it up.
DATING TIPS - KENYAN MEN
My request is that you add more information about industries in Kenya, especially in the electrical and building industries. Having lived In Kenya for many years, I have found this site very interesting as well as informative. Might be an idea for a bit more historical information on the building of the Railway from Mombasa to Uganda when Kenya was known as "British East Africa. I visited a number of sites, but yours was the most helpful source. I was working on a brochure for a class that I am taking.
I was checking out some other sites, buut they mostly had the bare minimum. I kept on struggling, trying to get the information I needed. My instructor then got told me of this site that she thught was very good for researching cultures.
I checked it out. I got more than the sufficient amount of information.
This was an incredibly helpful site. However, some of the information especially the one about the Kenyan president and the economic status of the country needs to be ated.
I love Kenya my country and I would love it if you wrote something on the history of Kenya ethnic communities architecture: the they built their houses with regard to their surrounding features e. This Web page is excellenet I have gathered much knowledge about it and have taken some ideas on board to create an essay for my own work.
I am exceptionally pleased as no othere website have as much information or data on it. Thanks very much :.
Very informative, thank you so much. I am African. No offense. Truth be told! This article has made my reseach paper easier. Thank you. However being a kenyan, thick in the muck of unstable politcal conditions, disguised dictatorship sharp divisions along tribal and party lines, a widening gap between the haves and the have nots, my interest would have been on the illumination of these and other deep-biting inadequacies.
You and i must agree that Kenya would arguably make the second best country in Africa;after South Africa. But the predatory instincts of the ruling class is our major undoing. Our leaders are true specimen to self centred, corrupt, inhuman beasts who stop at nothing in the realization of their selfish interests.
Let it be known. Otherwise, balanced article. Thank you for the basic important information about Kenya. Iam about to go to Kenya and I know how to handle basic issues. Could you just correct that mistake otherwise a job well done. Boaz Were. Great article on historical,socioeconomic and political analysis of Kenya. The website was really useful on my kenya proect for our Country Culture Unit! Am a historian and i love the entire Kenyan history and am proud since the country has such a beautiful history let's be proud of this great land.
God bless. This i what ive been looking for though i would like you guys to expound more on kenyas history that would really help but so far it has done much good to my studies.
Quadrieq McLellan. What do people do for fun? What places does they go, do thay have parks or swimmimg pool areas where children can play? Well i think this article is fantastic!!
There are countless reasons why an American man should be interested in dating Kenyan women. With a rich cultural heritage, Kenyan women are able to provide a warm and comfortable environment for their partner. In fact, many Americans are surprised to learn how centered Kenyan culture is around the family unit. This strong sense of . Learn about the local culture and etiquette in Kenya. Prepare for your trip by acknowledging local customs, religions, and learning about national traditions in Kenya. Get guidance on how to dress, how to eat and how to address local people.
It really made me understand the troubles that canadiens are going threw with their sexual finess. There is only a very brief mention of Indians in Kenya, considering the contributions they've made to Kenya and the Kenyan economny. Granted they're disliked but if you're to have a balanced and effective content they can not be left out.
Thank you, Sher. Job well done! I am very proud to be a Citizen of this Blessed n Peaceful Kenya. Very happy for this historical staff of kenya that has really helped a lot in my studies and hopefully other kenyans but wish to ask for more expansion on more history for the maginalised communities.
Good job but would you add on things such as how education in Kenya has affected the cultural beliefs of the diverse ethnic communities. Wow this was a lot of information but it was just so perfectly worded that it didnt seem like that much. Good job, this was one of the best places that i've been to. Thanks a whole lot, this is going to be a regular place for me now.
According to this story President Moi is still President.! Could somebody ate this site, please? On Urbanism, Housing and Architecture you have mentioned types of houses built i the countryside by mentioning Zaramo, Chagga and Nyamwezi who are typically Tribes Of Tanzania and not Kenya.
Please check and make the necessary correction. It is a very useful site for my class project. It gave me alot of information and ideas of what to write about. This was the only site that I was to get such clear and detailed information regarding the culture of a group. Keep up the good work! Am a historian from Kenya. I am preparing to visit Kenya for the first time after leaving many years ago. This site has opened my eyes to Kenya as a interesting and great country and I cant wait to visit.
It has a past, a present and a very hopeful future. It has gone through many chnages over the years which has shaped, educated the people to be strong and fruitful in so many ways.
It will be a true blessing when I step back into my country.
Kenyan wedding traditions. Kenya has many different wedding traditions - and they vary between tribes. And traditional weddings are often followed by a religious one. Hi am dating this chick for the last two years now of which is leading to marriage but she is insisting that first I pay dowry dio tuishi pamoja am confused help me plz. The highest point, at 17, feet (5, meters), is Mount Kenya. Kenya shares Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa and the main source of the Nile River, with Tanzania and Uganda. Another significant feature of Kenyan geography is the Great Rift Valley, the wide, steep canyon that cuts through the highlands. Kenya - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette. Welcome to this guide to Kenyan culture! What will you Learn? You will gain an understanding of a number of key areas including.
Hi Kenya, i'm so happy to have come across the history of yours, Kenyans u are blessed and pray one day i visit there.
Ndungu Thairu. Thank you very much for this report it is good to incorporate it in any Genda facilitation. Give us more of S.
A reports. Christi Larson. This was really well written.
I am doing a project for world history and I get kenya. I am in high school and it is really helpful to read all about this and learn. Well the first thing I have to say is that this was very good information about Kenya. It really helped me do my music cultural assignment and pretty much wrote every bit of it. Keep up the good work and keep on doing information about countries. I am a 7th grader doing a project on Kenya and this site will help me a lot. I also plan to share this site with my class mates to use for their projects.
Thank you very much!!! Very helpful. I am in the seventh grade but i am going to 8th grade at the end of august. It is good to know and learn more about the kenyan culture. Iam in college and one day i will do more research about the cultures.
Kevin Steer. This really helped me a lot and i want to thank the people who made this website. Good article. I wonder how provisions of Article 11 anf 69 of our constitution can be enforced, to safeguard our cultural prctcices and technologies.
As a kenyan i was able to learn more about my dear nation through you. Please can you add the Socio political economy mainly on the kikuyu people up to I I love my country so much and reading about it is a pleasure. Thank you so much for this article. Tom kaingu. God bless you for the good work done and please help us to know about the other kenyan's small small group as in percentage in the kenyan's population.
This is a fantastic article and I would just like to say thank you for making this. This has really helped me understand Kenya and help me write my report for school. Emmanuel K. I'm pleased by the above author's action for being creative to teach and show every important sense information that help not only us but also future generation!
Macharia wa Kimani. Margaret Odhiambo. It is very interesting reading this article. Ugali is not a stew but cornflour meal. It is what goes with the stew and veggies. Also there is need to ate some information as things keep on changing everyday. Great work. Minnie gella. Thank you for for letting us know about your country. We love your Well preserved wildlife which no other country has.
Below are some reasons why the dating scene is pathetic or totally non-existent in Kenya. The lack of a dating culture in Kenya is somehow to blame how people date.
Lacking a common practice that defines dating makes the scenario easy to predation and infusion of un-orthodox tactics to suit what people think dating is. Therefore no-one can feign lack of culture since today cultures have intermingled. This being a very flimsy and superficial argument, it is a major concern for most people in Kenya. And the media as well as the society continued advocacy for financial stability above anything else has contributed to a pathetic and deteriorating dating scene.
Many eligible bachelors and spinsters are now awash with this misinformation. Conclusions are not made on hunches; you make them after the date, so peddling lies that a prospective date must be wealthy in order to grant them a date, are self-serving and alienate the chances of a great date.
The commonly peddled half-truth of a date is the location. Dating is not a synonym for fancy restaurants. Eating out in a restaurant is the most practiced and most comfortable form of a date but definitely not the only. An outdoor atmosphere is also a preferable choice.
Restaurants, inns, hotels and all the hullabaloo is a stereo-typed notion that has been passed on but spontaneity can add vigor and life to an otherwise stale date. Bars and clubs are also dating spots no matter how unconventional they seem, they provide a perfect and conducive environment for a certain age group or the personality of the dating people. So age plays a vital role in deciding where to have a date. Time is very essential when going on a date. Busy individuals and workaholics will prefer dates at night, when their workloads are a tad light.
Lunch-dates though not much can be discussed are very enlightening and refreshing. In a nutshell dates are not necessary night affairs. God created people differently e. Seal and Michael Tyson too. The state of plastic dating is here with us; showing a different personality to impress.