Aphasia is an impairment of language which occurs when someone suffers from an injury to the language areas of the brain. The language areas of the brain span regions of the frontal lobe , the temporal lobe, and the parietal lobe. Language function is located on one hemisphere half of the brain, which is called the dominant hemisphere. Typically, the dominant hemisphere of the brain is on the side opposite the dominant hand. Aphasia can occur as a result of any injury to the brain, such as a stroke, traumatic brain injury, a brain tumor, or an infection of the brain. Aphasia can affect language in many ways because there are several regions of the brain that control language.
It is valuable to participate in therapy, including speech therapy as you recover from your stroke. Stroke survivors and loved ones benefit from understanding the subtle features of aphasia, which can help optimize communication and make recovery easier. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life.
ated May 28, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Aphasia information page. ated October National Aphasia Association.
How to Speak with Someone After a Stroke-(Aphasia)
Broca's expressive aphasia. Wernicke's receptive aphasia. Motor recovery in post-stroke patients with aphasia: the role of specific linguistic abilities.
Top Stroke Rehabil. What Is Aphasia?
What to Expect at Home
Global Aphasia. View All.
Aphasia is loss of the ability to understand or express spoken or written language. It commonly occurs after strokes or traumatic brain injuries. It can also occur in people with brain tumors or degenerative diseases that affect the language areas of the brain. Use the tips below for improving communication with someone who has aphasia. Jun 29, Remember, aphasia is a disorder that affects all language modalities and interferes with processing. While comprehension is a strength relative to expressive language, it is usually the case that there are impairments in their ability to comprehend oral language at some level. Feb 17, A friend of mine is dating someone who's aphasic. I like the guy guy that my friend is dating. Just because of his disability in speech and comminucation doesn't mean he is stupid. It just that he has a problem of communicating clearly. But, there are those that make fun of him talk about him as he's a threat. these certain people that talk negative about him do things that are a threat such.
Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; chap Kirschner HS.
Aphasia and aphasic syndromes. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice. Page S. Guide to living with aphasia.
Dating someone with aphasia
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. PMID: www. ated by: Amit M. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Editorial team.
Communicating with someone with aphasia. Use the tips below for improving communication with someone who has aphasia. What to Expect at Home. Expressive aphasia may be non-fluent, in which case a person has trouble: Finding the right words Saying more than 1 word or phrase at a time Speaking overall Another kind of expressive aphasia is fluent aphasia.
People who have aphasia may become frustrated: When they realize others cannot understand them When they cannot understand others When they cannot find the right words Speech and language therapists can work with people who have aphasia and their family or caregivers to improve their ability to communicate.
Improving Daily Communication. There are many ways to help people with aphasia. Keep distractions and noise down. Turn off the radio and TV.
Move to a quieter room. When you ask questions: Ask questions so they can answer you with "yes" or "no.
Despite their impairment, most people with aphasia recognize Likert-type scales and can use them with little or no instruction. If not, they are pretty easy to teach by modeling them, using a think aloud strategy, and using graduated prompting in eliciting responses.
The best part of using rating scales is that they are incredibly flexible and can be made on the fly. Here are some suggestions of ways to use them. Communication Books.
Communication books can play an important role when language retrieval is problematic. The word was almost there, but not quite within your grasp.
If you had looked down and seen a list of words, you would have quickly recognized the one you wanted to say.
The same phenomenon occurs with people who have aphasia and are provided with personal communication books. It can be very difficult to know how to help clients with severe aphasia regain functional communication skills.
3 Types of Aphasia That May Result From Stroke
What makes this effective, is to speak slowly and augment your speech with gestures, head nod for yes and head shake for no. Written Choice Strategy. We talked previously about using a written choice strategy when conversing with people with aphasia.
This works best with topics of interest to the person with aphasia, such as hobbies, family, biographical information, or current events.
It helps to slow your rate of speech to match the speed of your writing. Then, say and write some possible responses underneath in list format.
The client with aphasia can answer by pointing at their selection. Most clients with aphasia can do this, even if their reading skills are impaired because you are talking as you write.