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In going thru an annulment process with a tribunal, it is not a given that the outcome will be dissolution or judgment of invalidity. The tribunal process is a looking back at the exchange of vows to see if there was some impediment preventing them from being really free to make this decision even if they thought they were ready to undertake it. If it becomes clear through consultations with the couple, their families or friends, that such an impediment was present in one or the other or boththe marriage is considered invalid.
Pope Francis recently put together a commission that may work on making this process a bit easier on people, so stay tuned for more on this. Make a donation today - GivingTuesday - and your gift will be tripled! I have been twice married. My first wife was an atheist and we were married by a minister of some chapel in Las Vegas a planned elopement. We were married for around 7 years and had a son together, and got divorced when he was only three years old.
My son is now in my full-time care. Several years later, I remarried, this time to a woman who was a non-practicing member of the United Church. We have been separated for over a year now, and this son is also in my full-time care, and his mother for the past year has been living thousands of miles away.
What does the Catholic Church teach about divorce?
Do I need to get annulments for both marriages even though I was not married in the Catholic church? She is a violent alcoholic, and when we split up, I started untangling all of the lies she had been telling me. I saw behind all these masks she had on, and it was not pretty. From thousands of miles away, she is actively trying to destroy my life.
Due to infidelity, drugs and physical abuse (not on my part) those marriages ended and I am now a TWO time divorced non-Catholic, and finalizing my third civil divorce any day now. From this last marriage, we seperated 11 years ago, but due to having 6 children to raise on my own, I just now had the money to pay for civil divorce, plus I had. Sep 23, Question: Can a Catholic ever marry a divorced non-Catholic? From my understanding, anyone "divorced" would have to have their previous marriage determined invalid by a Church Tribunal, right? Does that mean a Catholic can't date a "divorced" person unless the Catholic knows the "divorced" party would be free to marry and their. God bless you for being so interested in morality before or during dating of a 'divorced' Catholic. It says a lot about you spiritually, and all very good. To answer your question, perhaps is the.
She too was married once before, and she had abandoned two of her children before we got together. Now she has abandoned our son. I have no intention of getting remarried.
I have remained celibate since we broke up over a year ago. Both boys were born out of wedlock. My parents have both passed away, but my father was married prior to being with my mother. He was married to his first wife in the Catholic Church, and had two children, my half brother and sister. Which makes me a bastard I guess. For several years prior to my wife and I splitting up, I developed what I thought was arthritis in my hands and knees. Each morning, I would have to walk downstairs holding on to the banister, and walk on an angle as I felt my knees would buckle from the pain.
I had a morning routine where I would wrap my hands around a hot cup of coffee to ease the pain in my hands and then painfully pry back my fingers on both hands to loosen the joints. During the day these symptoms would subside. I went and stayed at my sisters. The next morning, I got up and started discussing with my sister what my next steps should be. A year later, this pain is still gone. Many people tell me it was all the stress that was building up over the years and manifesting in my body in the form of arthritis in my hands and knees, but to me, it is nothing short of miraculous.
It disappeared overnight, and never returned. This part has nothing to do with annulments or returning to the Catholic Church, but I often feel compelled to share this story, -a need to give it proper acknowledgement I guess.
I feel blessed. I was married in the Church to a Catholic but I was not Catholic at the time. Several months after the marriage, I converted to Catholicism. Unfortunately, the marriage did not last and we obtained a civil divorce but no annulment from the Church. I miss the Eucharist. I am trying to help my big brother who is going through hell with his marriage. I am protestant Presbyterian now, but formerly Lutheranbut he is now a Catholic. I have learned a lot about Catholicism while trying to be of assistance to him.
Needless to say, I am not interested in joining that club. I hate to see him as unhappy as he is. My brother married a Catholic woman who was divorced civilly but the marriage was not annulled. He eventually converted to Catholicism he says he did this for the family unity. Extremely patient, too. More so than I would be. His wife and he are both on their second marriages. She had 3 children with her first husband and now they have more. Their youngest, however, is now about to finish college and get married.
His first marriage to a childhood friend from our church lasted only three years before she left him. It was annulled when he decided to his current wife. So he has jumped through all the hoops. Her annulment, however went through the ringer for several years.
Somehow it ended up in Rome for their decision I thought that stuff was all handled at a lower level and was lost or hidden for some reason. Anyway, her ex, from what he has told me, is very controlling and verbally abusive which is why she made him leave in the first place.
So, for the last 15 years or so he has been going through hell. All this makes my head spin. Bottom line is, he is very unhappy and she has become more and more unlike a wife to him, claiming that they must live like brother and sister. He says they stopped having sex years ago. And even though there was this dispensation thing that their priest gave them, her conscience would not allow it.
She treats him like anything but a husband. She forgets his birthday and tells him to order his own birthday and Christmas presents. She does not cook, but when she does he says it is bad. She also does nothing to help provide income for the family. Instead she spends money like it was nothing. He should have left her years ago, get on with his life and be happy, in my opinion. God does not want us to be unhappy, does he?
He does not know if it is OK to leave her and remain Catholic. He says he wants to remain Catholic but that this whole process has put him off of it.
Since her marriage was never annulled, does that mean that he would have to get an annulment from this one in order to remarry? I tell him that he should leave her and become a protestant again. Do you think that he should he leave her and make a new life for himself while he still has some time? He is 60 now and I know he deserves better. This notion that the victim is guilty is absurd. He say if you divorce your spouse you and remarry are an adulterer.
Jesus goes on to say that a person should take a wife or be as a eunuch IF one has the ability to do that. Again, clearly, Jesus understands that the biological drive is overwhelming and offers marriage as the means to remain sinless provided its to procreat. Paul goes on to say that an unbeliever divorces you, you have to try to reconcile but are not bound.
So I ask you, if my wife put me away because she wants to lead her life differently, is she a believer? She knows she is living a sinful life on purpose no remorse. How much is she a believer? This absurd doctrine punishes the faithful victim. Question about civil divorce and got married in Australia after citizenship but still civilly married in philippines. Husband left me and will not reconcile with me, after 2 years of separation here in Australia.
I got divorced since i already have my australian citizenship. However could not afford a civil annulment in the philippines. As an australian citizen i am now civilly married but would like to have my new civil marriage be convalidated in the Philippines to make my civil marriage recognized in the church. Is it possible to happen? We dont hve the moeny to have my civil marriage in the philippines be anuled because of money constraint. Plus i am now an australian citizen.
I was forced into marriage by my dad when I was 15, i have two kids. We did church wedding 4years after traditional way. He will invite his sisters to beat me up, Throw my bags outside. We got separated and he collected The bride Price. But now i want to go for annulment Catholic Church annulment. I will NOT sign anything that tries to claim my marriage was not valid.
I got the paperwork yesterday and will fight this. I plan to respond to the diocese and stress my strong objection to this but can he actually get this to happen? My husband, he divorced me last year, hes getting married. Our marriage fell apart and he made no attempt to reconcile. I was happy being separated but married. I do still feel married to him and see this as an affair in a way and could cope that he is having a civil marriage.
However I have just found out that he is having a catholic priest perform a blessing in a catholic chapel afterwards. Me and my wife has been fight very frequently since the day we were married, even during the time of the marriage we were in an argument and clashing.
Now its been four years, we have two kids, but the frequent fights, shouting, cursing for hours and hours when she starts has started to affect my health as I have developed the problem of disturbed heart beats at such times. My question is, now that i have married her, do I have to tolerate all this all my life or do I have the option of going for annulment and build up something myself, by being able to think in a peaceful environment. Also for the betterment of our children, I find it better to raise the kids myself.
Make an appointment and tell him that you needed help. God bless and all the best! The church allows separation lending annulment, but would encourage counseling first.
If this has not been persude then it can make getting an annulment more difficult but not enough to be denied. My story is a bit complicated, and I admit I married very young and then remarried again. He has proposed to me and I have accepted. We want a marriage that is recognized in the eyes of God.
Since he is also started process of annulment obviously we both want to do all the right things from here on out, in order for OUR marriage to one another will be long lasting and blessed until the end. Due to infidelity, drugs and physical abuse not on my part those marriages ended and I am now a TWO time divorced non-Catholic, and finalizing my third civil divorce any day now.
From this last marriage, we seperated 11 years ago, but due to having 6 children to raise on my own, I just now had the money to pay for civil divorce, plus I had been alone for long time.
In all of my prior marriages NOT one was performed before a priest, deacon or bishop they were performed before the justice of the peace. So what do you think is my status? I became Catholic two years ago. I asked him multiple times. Hence, I have obstained from taking the Eucharist and just finished the annulment process of my first marriage. He is refusing to get an annulment since it will bring out many secrets that have been kept in the family and from his children.
Can a Catholic Ever Marry a Divorced Non-Catholic?
I decided to commit myself to the church after twenty five years and now it seems it was for nothing. I will be praying for you and your husband. As you probably already know, the annulment process is a very private process. Hi, I have been divorced for many years having thought I had done the right thing by getting married in a Church of England church for the wrong reason pregnancy.
I have now in love with a wonderful lady and she feels the same way. As she is a practising catholic the powers say she cannot have any relationship with me because of my divorce.
Is there anyway round this problem as its making us quite stressed. We are both retired. I am also curious how another human can say we are committing adultery when the bible says if there was infidelity in the previous marriage, you do not have get an annulment.
Also, Jesus taught that we are to forgive 7 x 70 times. I always said this prayer to receive forgiveness for anything I may have forgotten to ask God to forgive. You are human and a sinner just like the rest of us poor souls thats the way the church has made me feel. Ive made tons of mistakes to include marrying and getting divorced without any annulment. I pray everyday for Gods will in my life activities and I know i am forgiven without talking to another man about it.
I grew up in the church, but left after hearing the exact same words with little if any message from the man at the podium with the colorful robe. So at the age of 19 I left the church and only returned a year ago because my wife wanted to go back to the church.
The church here in palm bay fl. The Bible teaches forgiveness 7 x 70 times; which is given by God through His Son Jesus to anyone who sincerely request same. Im going to find myself a church that understands my human shortcomings and its pastors as well. A church that will seek to uplift me not make me sick to my stomach by hurling Guilt. AS I recall, thats why i left the church years ago. Ronnie, my humble advice is not to act like an autoresponder bot.
People are here for help and prayer, not to talk to a brick wall with a sign that says the same thing. So I just wanted to share my experience with obtaining an annulment of my marriage as maybe it will help some of you. I was raised Lutheran and went through the process to become Catholic.
I was then married in the Catholic church to a Catholic. I was married for 35 years and had three children. Due to drug issues and abuse with my spouse I got a civil divorce. I met a man that is a divorced Catholic and we wanted to get married. We started the process to get my marriage annulled. It is a very long and intense process. We went ahead and were married outside of the Catholic church by a pastor but plan to get married in the Catholic church when and if my annulment is granted.
My now current husband was not married in the Catholic church as his first wife was Lutheran. The Catholic church does not recognize that marriage therefore he was not required to get an annulment.
If you divorce you can still participate in communion however if you remarry after the divorce you are not allowed to participate in communion until you are granted an annulment. I hope that helps some of you that have so many questions. This may not be the case for all of you just what I have experienced. Catholic advice. I have been with my partner for 14 years now and we have 5 children together.
He was married but separated from her when I met him and he is Still married to her now. He has 4 grown children. She never shut her mouth, always arguing and fighting with him. In public, in front of family. And friends. And always infront of the children. He left her everytime they had a child yet kept giving her. Chances and she got worse each time. He wants to make an honest woman out of me and marry me finally. I want to. Marry him in a catholic church, how can I do this right?
I want to teach my children the right path to follow and follow the catholic way, I want a marriage that is recognized in the eyes of god. I live in Australia, not sure what to do Please help! Thank you. Out of wedlock, you lived with this person for 14 years and gave birth to a child. Abstain from sexual relation until you both get married.
For him, he could receive an annulment if his previous marriage was not considered a valid sacrament by the Church. I believe, since he was married to a Maronite, chances are he would not require an annulment.
Also, he can receive communion after he marries you. Please do enquire it with the priest. I have a question My ex and I were married in a protestant church.
She was divorced once before when I married her. I am now dating a Catholic women and I wish to get married. Do I have to get an annulment or does the church not recognize as valid? Yes you need to obtain an annulment. The Church recognizes marriages from other Christian faiths a valid. I got questions, sorry I am confused and sometimes thinking I am in a wrong relationship and Sometimes its sad coz I grew up and very much catholic.
I married in civil and I met my husband when he was 5 years divorced, hus ex remarried after 2years of the divorced, I married my him last and he was 10 years divorced. I know its not his fault to get divorced and thats his ex wants so i never think its a sin to love and married Him cause I know God knows what is in our hearts and we love each other. He got no religion and never baptist but his first marriage done in methodist church and his ex was methodist.
We want to get married in catholic church, we where thinking maybe his 1st marriage wasnf valid since he doesnt have any religion.
And he was very much willing to be catholic so we can have same faith. My husband is very good loving guy, sometimes its sad when we go to church and he sees me im worried that i wasnt able to received holly communion. Is it possible to get annulment even he got a divorced paper.
My now husbands first marriage was in a Catholic Church to a catholic woman although he was not. They had a civil divorce. Is she still legally his wife?
His he doing wrong by law or just the eyes of the church? Can she still seek an annulment after all this time and two further marriages on his part? Oh and by the way they divorced because she was unfaithful to him so is she right to ask for an annulment in this case. I am both Roman Catholic and Pentecostal. Whilst I agree with Roman Catholic teaching on marriage and the Word of God I must point out that marriages can fail if there is a curse put upon a family, a spell or a curse from God as a result of worship of false Gods in their ancestry.
If any ne of you is free then cast the first stone! The fact that you say you are Pentecostal automatically denounces you as Catholic. The Catholic Church, created by Jesus has very specific rules and obligations. People, and even the Pope, cannot change what God has created.
This is often done to accommodate human desires and wishes. It is wrong. When you die, you will find out the truth. Who ever is wrong will spend eternity in Hell. Your free will is up to you. God is specific. I guess I am going to rot in hell because when you get older the likely to marry again to another Catholic is very low possibilities I am 49 and if I do get married and if I cant get married in the Catholic church I will go somewhere else and I am happy with that.
Did you know that the would of could of should of when you find someone who makes you happy and you are blessed I learned that shoulds mean shit on in the psychology world. I have always thought that God was a loving god and a loving god would never condemn you to hell. May the loving god bless you. Dear Barbara, I am only now, in my 6th decade of life, coming to realize what God intended in the relationship between one man and one woman.
Perhaps I may be able to explain it to your satisfaction; you are looking for truth or you would not be on this site. God is the Creator of all life. He gives mankind the grace to worship Him. What He expects is that mankind will accept that grace, fulfill the Will of God, and therefore return a fruitful harvest to give back to God.
In that way, we help to fill the halls of heaven with saints, the members of His Church who are the Body of Christ.
Christ promised that He would be with His Church to the very end of time; thus, in a human marriage, the vows and the living out of those vows are meant to represent the undying love of God for His Church. God hates divorce, Scripture says. The only reason the Catholic Church considers annulments is because there are cases in which at least one partner in the relationship was found to be unfit to commit themselves to a lifetime relationship at the time the vows were taken.
No one is judging you as being condemned to hell because your marriage is not recognized by the Catholic Church which is very Christian - Christ is indeed our Lord and Savior. Your husband thought that a civil divorce was o.
So, unless he intended to leave the Catholic Church, his second marriage would not have been considered valid by the Church because he had not obtained an annulment and he did not marry in the Church. The same would be true of your marriage to him. It sounds as though his first wife, although remarried, did so without being in union with the Church.
She now considers that important to her, so she is asking him to fill out the paperwork to help her proceed with the annulment process. If your spouse wants to return to the Church, the two of you would need to stop having relations considered adultery by Christ until the Church considers whether his first marriage warrants an annulment. Then you could make plans to get married in the Catholic Church. I was married at 17 by a JP. My ex husband and I were both raised in church Evangelical.
We were married for almost 30 years and have 2 wonderful adult children. During the time of our divorce, one of my children and spouse converted to Catholicism. I remarried 1 year after I divorced. I admit I made the decision to divorce and the decision to remarry quickly. I was taking care of a dying parent and lost my way perhaps. The situation: my adult child and spouse believe I am committing adultry. I can come over to see my gkids, but he is not welcome. How do I help this situation move forward to find some common spouse?
This is not fair to my wonderful loving spouse. That would be like saying every Presbyterian who divorced and remarried was committing adultery.
Talking About Your Faith With Non-Catholic Spouses
It sounds like they are using the Church as a way to keep your husband away as a punishment to you for divorcing their father. It is part of the natural and divine law and binding on everyone. They were not even Christians. So most divorced and remarried Presbyterians are committing adultery. You state you were married by a Justice of the Peace. Per Canon Law, that is not a valid marriage, therefore you are not committing adultery.
Look up Diocese of Des Moines, they have a great website for questions like this. Provide it to your children and show them. There are so many misunderstandings about this topic. What is my status? A Your prior marriage was invalid unless you received a dispensation from form since it did not follow the required form of marriage required for Catholics. You would then be free to marry in the Church.
My boyfriend was divorced for 12 years and he had 3 kids all grown up now. If we push through our marriage but in civil court only, would that make me a mistress?
Check the Bible and the Catechism. My fiance was married for 10 years and has a daughter, she is not chatolic, never goes to church and never has, I think she was only baptized, no first communion or confirmation. Can his marriage get annulled for that? I was married by the civil courts and not the Catholic Church. I got divorced because my husband cheated. I recently spoke to the priest of the church I attend, and he told me I stilled need to get some kind of annulment through the church.
Follow through with the Nullification process. I am going through this process now and it is a healing and necessary process. There are many answers to if or if not it is necessary and each case is entirely different so as our priest sayswe will do the paperwork, the examinations and the Tribunal will make its decision. My wife of twenty five years, and mother of our two grown children, underwent successful surgery for a brain tumor. After follow up gamma knife radiation treatment, her personality and morals completely changed.
She no longer considers marriage sacred, fell in love with a co-worker, and said she wanted out of our marriage. The divorce was final a month ago. The point is - she is not the same person I married. I married very young, right out of high school and only married as the person was in the military and it was my ticket so to speak out of my small town. I was baptized Catholic and he didnt have a religion but we married through a Lutheran church.
After about 2 years he got kicked out of the military and I ended up moving back to my hometown and realized what I had done. I wanted to leave him and he became abusive and within a year I divorced him. Now it has been over a decade and I am engaged and wanting to get married through the Catholic church. Do I have to get an annulment? Is there such a process that exists which is shorter, faster and sweeter?
The best answer to your question is to call the office of your Parrish church and ask for an appointment with a priest or the representative who handles annulments for the parish.
Is that in my diocese yes. I pray that your impending marriage will be a blessing to you and your husband. The priest will ask of you attend mass regularly. Hope the answer is yes. He became Catholic while dating the first girlfriend. I was his 3rd wife and we were married by a JP in a small ceremony at our home. My understanding he married the other 2 wives in the same manner. All marriages produced children.
In my marriage to to him, he left and filed for divorce. How is he able to do that when he was the unfaithful partner in the marriage? I never had anyone contact me from the church to ask me about my marriage to him if he had it annulled. I was a dedicated faithful wife even through the hard times.
I am not Catholic and have never been. My girlfriend and I are planning to get married. We are both Catholic and want to marry in a Catholic church. The situation is she was divorced.
Catholic dating divorced non catholic
She was married in a City hall, but not in a church. So would she be able to marry in a Catholic church? Yes you can, but she needs to get an marriage anullment which is done very quickly, as long as there was no ceremony at the church on the previous marriage. I know you can get married because i went through the same and we are getting married in december.
I suggest you to get in touch with an attorney of the canonic law within your archdiocese, someone who deals with divorce, anullments and such. Dont trust the RCIA or the person in charge of marriage preparation because they might not be as wise as you think and as they think they are. I listened to them and trusted their word and knowledge, their answer was NO, and it turns out they were wrong. Finally, after many years we are getting married. If your girlfriend was never married in the Catholic church previously, she is able to be married in the church now.
The Church does not recognize civil marriages as sacramental marriages. The Church invests itself in happy, fruitful, life-long marriages, and it will encourage that if you decide to be married in the Catholic Church. However, he cannot file divorce at the moment since his kids are still small and he worries about the financial impact of getting a divorce at this time. We meet once a month only but the communication is constantly everyday.
My question is am I committing adultery even he is not married in Catholic Church and do i need to stop my relationship with him? But in Gods eyesyou are committing adultry. He was still joined in Gods eyesAN has children. Ask yourself, how could that be right? Perhaps you should ask the wife how she feels.
Put yourself in her shoes. Sounds like he needs time to figure out his family situation first before moving forward with you, though. Do your best to love him, his family, and yourself. It is adultery any time you have sexual relations with a married person or if you are married and have sexual relations with another human.
If you are just friends and nothing is happening and you keep it as just friends then no. That is in civil as well as cannon law. If you are asking the question you probably already knew the answer.
Catholic Singles is a Catholic-only dating service designed to meet the dating needs of modern Catholics. Catholic Singles provides a non-judgmental platform for Catholics, including divorced Catholics, to find and build relationships with compatible matches who share their saporiviafrancigena.com: Dan Silber. May 08, If this woman married a non-Catholic in a ceremony witnessed by a justice of the peace, the wedding might not have been sacramental, but it was certainly validand she would have to pursue and be granted a decree of nullity. If you are Catholic and looking to marry someone, be sure the person is free to marry you BEFORE you start dating. Nov 03, Dear Anthony, I am dating a good Catholic man who is divorced and has a son. I am a Christian who is becoming Catholic (I'm in RCIA) who was also married before and have a .
My husband left me 10 years ago for another women. I am wanting to become Catholic. If and when we finally divorce can I get my marriage annulled? I have been married 3 times at the Justice of the Peace and divorced from all 3. Please tell me the process of what has to be done before this can happen. Divorce happens when the spouse starts shopping on-line for another person after 34 year and you daughter calls her for cheering on me.
She talked to a lawyer who got her half of the common property plus 25 percent of my take home pay until I retire CA liberal laws. I love my daughter and grand kids and needed to agree to the divorce to avoid a nasty divorce hurting them.
I guess I should not have married a non-Catholic from a divorced family. If she follows through, despite my protests, can I remarry? As a lifelong catholic, I met and married a girl brought up, although left, the Mormon Church.
After 2 sons and eight years of marriage, she had a mental breakdown and I was told by the doctors I should do as she asked, to save her mental anguish.
She asked for a divorce, so I did not contest it, as advised, she got remarried and had a 3rd child. Does that shock you? It means that I love you and I love the institution of marriage.
I was sure my marriage would never end. At the same time, I was unaware of what makes a healthy marriage and very much in denial about our problems. My marital problems went a lot deeper than most, but every marriage needs constant care.
And every marriage can use a tune-up now and then: a few counseling sessions, a Marriage Encounter weekend or a retreat together.
Our online workshops give you tools and insights to meet the challenges of being divorced and Catholic head-on. We will inspire you to stay strong on your journey after divorce. Books, many available only at saporiviafrancigena.com, are valuable resources to help you navigate life after divorce. Programs created just for divorced Catholics help. Nov 13, The great debate: Should divorced Catholics be dating? So many people have different opinions about what the answer to this question is but in truth, there is only one correct answer it depends. I am not trying to be sarcastic with this answer.
Marriage takes a lot of work. I am delighted when friends and co-workers tell me that watching what I went through eight years ago or hearing me talk now about my divorce compelled them to take a second look at their own marriages, strengthen what was weak and recommit themselves to the relationship. The divorced have a great deal to teach the married about what a good, healthy and Christian marriage really is.
The marriage covenant ends when this life ends. Jesus tells us in Luke that there is no marriage in heaven. Marriage is an earthly institution with a heavenly purpose. Marriage is a training ground wherein we cosmic youngsters learn about the love that has existed from all eternity within the Holy Trinity.
Its purpose is to train us to give up our selfish tendencies, to care for another as we would care for ourselves, to take our place in the Kingdom of God. Marriage is a foreshadowing of our eternal relationship with God and with one another. Marriage is a wonderful thing, but it is not a forever thing. Knowing and remembering that should deepen not only the relationship with your earthly spouse, but also your love for your heavenly spouse, Jesus.
This poor woman had been married five times and was now living with yet another man. Did he deliberately go to that spot at that unlikely time of day because he knew she would be drawing water then? Did he send the disciples away to get lunch in the town so he could talk to her alone? Jesus never spoke to this woman or any other hurting person in ways that increased their pain. A divorced or separated person is not excommunicated and is still a Catholic in good standing.
The only reason for excommunication after divorce is remarriage without going through the annulment process. Before a divorced person can remarry in the Catholic Church, he or she must obtain an annulment by a Catholic diocesan tribunal.
Obtaining such a decree does not mean that the marriage never took place; it is a determination that a sacramental marriage did not take place. Therefore, the Church may determine that it was impossible then for the couple to enter into a truly Christian marriage.